A detailed analysis of slab shrinkage behavior has been carried out by a solidification model for different casting conditions and steel grades to predict optimal machine taper. Results have been utilized to modify the casting machine taper in order to improve centerline slab quality. Instrumentation has been installed to monitor possible excessive loads on the machine segments. The solidification position can be tracked and used to help set up proper casting speeds and cooling strategy.
Source: D B Futch; G A Thomas; J G Speer; K O Findley